Author Topic: Techniques in Discovering a Clients Career Identity  (Read 991 times)

jitudas

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Techniques in Discovering a Clients Career Identity
« on: April 30, 2015, 06:24:12 PM »


Describing techniques involved in discovering client's career identity and relevant environmental information help to meet goals of clients. Assessment oriented techniques in career counseling are necessary because the reality is that not everyone is always satisfied with their career decisions. Sometimes the job is a poor fit, other times the stress levels may be difficult to manage, while others are just looking to branch out and realize their unfulfilled career dreams. Since career counseling can be complex, a fairly straightforward way is the use of assessments and personal insights to help direct a client to a new career while also providing interviewing and resume building techniques.

To analyze and gain a truly holistic view of individual's career aspirations, skills and abilities, career counselor's draws from various theories of career development. Career counselors using Hollands theory and the strong interest inventory would analyze a clients personality type and skills to match them with an appropriate career environment. In "A lifespan, approach to career development, Super explains that experiences largely influence how an individual shapes his or her interests". The indication is that career counselors must examine a person's education, hobbies, life aspirations, and past occupations in order to receive a better idea of what might be a good future career.

Because chaos theory acknowledges that noting is completely predictable, career counseling based on this theory should direct focus on discovering the perfect career for the client, and finding ways to deal with change. Pryor lists the principles of chaos that career counselors must understand to effectively work with clients: Order and randomness are natural aspects of human experience, careers have a tendency to become susceptible to unplanned outcomes, humans have the capacity to recognize an unpredicted possibility, create opportunities, encourage good fortune, and take advantage of unplanned outcomes. This unpredictability can result in a total transformation of a career. With an understanding of these concepts, career counselors adhering to chaos theory help those who thrive in a constantly changing environment.

Career counseling takes place over the life span and on the assumption that biological, psychological, sociological, and cultural factors influence career choice, career changes, and career withdrawal across the stages of development. The development career theory choices life span is of three stages in an individual's lifetime. They are the fantasy state involves role playing and imagination, the tentative stage reflects a person's growing awareness of interests and abilities and the realistic state entails the identification of a career choice. The factors that impact on the development of career are: individual values, emotional factors, amount and kind of education and effect of reality through environmental pressures. Life span theory explains that development is life-long and occurs through the stages of being an: infant, child, student, old age and death. Each stage has a unique set of tasks and accounts for the changes and decisions that people make from work entry to retirement.

Life span theory further adds that people have skills and talents developed through different life roles, making them capable of a variety of tasks and numerous occupations. Understanding one's interests and skills is a key to career choice and satisfaction as people seek career satisfaction through work roles in which they can express themselves and implement and develop their self concepts. A general approach to the career counseling relationship includes dealing with change, developing a career focus, exploring career options, preparing for job research and obtaining employment.

A career decision model is one that defines problems, recognizes decisions, establishing an action plan, refine the decision and clarifies values by examining self observations and world view generalizations. An effective career decision identify alternatives, generate alternatives, discover probable outcomes, gathers information, assesses information and plans and executes decision making behaviors. An advantage of using these task approaches in career counseling is the requirement of individuals to be exposed to the widest possible range of learning experiences, regardless of race, gender or other demographics. The views are that people need to expand their capabilities and interests, they need to prepare for changing work tasks and people need to be empowered to take action and career practitioners need to play an extended role.

The processes of career planning are initiation with the establishment of an effective counseling relationship, determining the motivation for career planning and building relevance for career plans. The second process is exploration which helps clients discover ways to implement aspects of their vision while concomitantly attending to issues of meaning and personal context. The third is decision making which includes selecting the most appropriate options from the range of alternatives. The fourth stage is preparation with focus on planning the specific steps required to implement choices made. The last step is implementation which requires developing support and developing systems for feedback and reward.  A comprehensive adult career counseling delivery system therefore includes a needs assessment, resource assessment, goal setting, planning, and establishment of objectives, program development, implementation, evaluation and modification.       

Source:Online
Jitu Das
Deploma in CSE
Students
Bangladesh Skill Development Institute
Contact Number:+8801620210620